Related Terms

  • Absent healing, archaeus, bioenergy healing, bioenergotherapy, chakras, clairsentient readings, distant healing, faith healing, intercessory prayer, laying on of hands, LeShan, magnetic or sympathetic medicine, mental healing, od, odyle, orgone, paranormal healing, pneuma, prani, prayer, psychic healing, reiki, scanning, shamanism, telesomatic reactions, therapeutic touch.
  • Note: Researchers apply the term “spiritual healing” somewhat loosely. Some consider all energy-based modalities as forms of spiritual healing, even though they are taught as secular.

Background

  • The use of spiritual healing can be traced as far back as the New Testament of the Bible. In modern times, a number of therapeutic techniques involve spiritual aspects, and there is overlap between these different approaches. Individuals and organizations involved with spiritual healing may use many different approaches and styles.
  • Some schools offer certification in healing, although official licensure is lacking in this area. In England, there are thousands of practitioners registered in numerous healing organizations. Organizations may require a minimum of 2 to 3 years of training for healers.
  • Some of the therapies used in the United States that involve spiritual healing or mind/body medicine include distance healing, therapeutic touch, Ayurveda, prayer, pastoral counseling, supernatural healing sources, metaphysical healing and Reiki. These therapies may be grouped under the concept of holistic care.
  • Spiritual healing is often practiced without charge, and many different approaches and durations have been used. Treatments may be given at healing centers, in the medical setting, in hospice programs, in the home, and from a distance. Spiritual healers may also work with patients over the Internet.

Evidence Table

    Disclaimer

    These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

    Asthma

    It is not clear whether spiritual healing has any effect on symptoms or quality of life in asthma patients. Further research is needed.

    Cancer

    Cancer patients, especially those who fear recurrence or are unhappy with their physicians, commonly use prayer and spiritual healing. More research is needed to address the effects of spiritual healing on anxiety, depression, and quality of life in patients with cancer.

    Chronic illness

    Different forms of spiritual healing have been studied for a variety of illnesses. There is not enough evidence to make a strong recommendation about the use of spiritual healing for chronic illness.

    Chronic pain

    There is not enough evidence to make a strong recommendation about the use of spiritual healing for the management of chronic pain.

    Eczema

    There is limited research on the use of spiritual healing for eczema. Further research is needed.

    High blood pressure (hypertension)

    There is limited research on the use of spiritual healing to reduce high blood pressure.

    HIV/AIDS

    Distant healing and prayer have been used in patients with HIV/AIDS. There is conflicting evidence in this area and more study is needed.

    Neck stiffness

    Spiritual healing may improve flexibility and pain in patients with neck stiffness.

    Psychiatric disorders

    Early research suggests that when spiritual healing is added to psychotherapy, psychiatric patients have improved relaxation and sense of well being. However, strong recommendations cannot be made at this time.

    Rheumatoid arthritis

    There is currently not enough evidence that spiritual healing adds any benefit to conventional treatment in rheumatoid arthritis.

    Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders

    Recent research suggests that spiritual healing, in the form of shamanic healing, can treat temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain. More studies are needed to determine whether spiritual healing is an appropriate and effective treatment for TMJ disorders.

*Key to grades:

Tradition

    Disclaimer

    The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.

Safety

    Disclaimer

    Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.

Attribution

  • This information is based on a systematic review of scientific literature edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration ().

Bibliography

    Disclaimer

    Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to . Selected references are listed below.

  • Astin JA, Harkness E, Ernst E. The efficacy of “distant healing”: a systematic review of randomized trials. Ann Intern Med 2000;132(11):903-910.
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  • Astin JA, Stone J, Abrams DI, et al. The efficacy of distant healing for human immunodeficiency virus–results of a randomized trial. Altern Ther Health Med. 2006 Nov-Dec;12(6):36-41.
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  • Atwood KC. The efficacy of spiritual healing. Ann Intern Med 2001;134(12):1150.
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  • Brown CK. Methodological problems of clinical research into spiritual healing: the healer’s perspective. J Altern Complement Med 2000;6(2):171-176.
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  • Crawford CC, Sparber AG, Jonas WB. A systematic review of the quality of research on hands-on and distance healing: clinical and laboratory studies. Altern Ther Health Med. 2003 May-Jun;9(3 Suppl):A96-104. Review.
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  • Ernst E. Complementary and alternative medicine for pain management in rheumatic disease. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2002 Jan;14(1):58-62. Review.
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  • Everett W, Aberra F, Bisson G, et al. Spiritual healing as a therapy of chronic pain: a randomized, clinical trial. Pain 2002;96(1-2):219-220.
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  • Gerard S, Smith BH, Simpson JA. A randomized controlled trial of spiritual healing in restricted neck movement. J Altern Complement Med. 2003 Aug;9(4):467-77.
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  • Gundersen L. Faith and healing. Ann Intern Med 2000;132(2):169-172.
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  • Jonas WB, Crawford CC. The healing presence: can it be reliably measured? J Altern Complement Med. 2004 Oct;10(5):751-6.
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  • le Gallez P, Dimmock S, Bird HA. Spiritual healing as adjunct therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. Br J Nurs 2000;9(11):695-700.
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  • Montazeri A, Sajadian A, Ebrahimi M, et al. Factors predicting the use of complementary and alternative therapies among cancer patients in Iran. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2007 Mar;16(2):144-9. Review.
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  • Salib E, Youakim S. Spiritual healing in elderly psychiatric patients: a case-control study in an Egyptian psychiatric hospital. Aging Ment Health 2001;5(4):366-370.
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  • Vuckovic NH, Gullion CM, Williams LA, et al. Feasibility and short-term outcomes of a shamanic treatment for temporomandibular joint disorders. Altern Ther Health Med. 2007 Nov-Dec;13(6):18-29.
    View Abstract
  • Walach H, Lewith G, Bosch H, et al. Spiritual healing as a therapy for chronic pain: a randomized, clinical trial. Pain 2002;96(3):403-405.
    View Abstract