- Satureja montana
- Ajedra, Î±-pinene, Î±-terpineol, apigenin, beta-bisabolene, Î²-caryophyllene, Î²-cubebene, beta-sitosterol, beta-d-glucopyranoside, borneol, camphor, carvacrol, caryophyllene, catechin, chlorogenic acid, cineole, dipentene, desmethoxynobiletin, dimethoxyflavone, erigeroside, eriodictyol, eugenol, fatty acid methyl esters, hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, flavonoids, geraniol, geranyl acetate, Lamiaceae (family), limonene, linalool, linalool esters, luteolin, magnoliophyta, marzeh khuzistani (Persian), monoterpene hydrocarbons, mountain savory, naringenin, neral, octadecatrienoic acid methyl ester, oleanolic acid, p-cymene, phenolic monoterpenes, phenols, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, rosmarinic acid, sater, Satureja atropatana, Satureja boissieri, Satureja
brownei, Satureja coerulea, Satureja
cuneifolia, Satureja douglasii, Satureja forbesii, Satureja gilliesii, Satureja
hortensis, Satureja icarica, Satureja
khuzestanica, Satureja kitaibelii, Satureja laxiflora, Satureja
montana, Satureja obovata, Satureja
parnassica, Satureja parvifolia, Satureja pilosa, Satureja spicigera, Satureja spinosa, Satureja subspicata, Satureja
thymbra, Satureja viminea, Satureja visianii, Satureja wiedemanniana, Saturejae folium, Saturejae herba, steroids, spathulenol, summer savory, tannin, tau-cadinene, tau-cadinol, terpene alcohols, terpinene, terpineol, tetrahydroxyflavanone, tetramethoxyflavone, thymbra, thymol, thymol methyl ether, thymonin, thymoquinone, tocopherols, trimethoxyflavone, ursolic acid, vanillic acid, winter savory.
- Savory is an aromatic plant used in cooking to enhance flavor. Summer savory (Satureja hortensis) and winter savory (Satureja montana) are the two types most commonly used. A commonly studied constituent is carvacrol.
- Savory is native to the Mediterranean region but has been used across Europe, North America, and South America as a seasoning for meats and salads.
- In traditional medicine, savory is used to treat diarrhea, nausea, cramps, muscle pain, indigestion, and infectious diseases. Limited evidence suggests that savory may help lower cholesterol in diabetics.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
*Key to grades:
The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Adults (18 years and older)
- Savory has been taken in tea, cold infusion, or tablet form.
- For high cholesterol, tablets containing 250 milligrams of dried savory leaves have been taken once daily for 60 days.
Children (under 18 years old)
- Insufficient available evidence.
The below doses are based on scientific research, publications, traditional use, or expert opinion. Many herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested, and safety and effectiveness may not be proven. Brands may be made differently, with variable ingredients, even within the same brand. The below doses may not apply to all products. You should read product labels, and discuss doses with a qualified healthcare provider before starting therapy.
- Avoid with known allergy or sensitivity to savory, its constituents, or members of the Lamiaceae family. Savory may cause allergic skin reactions.
Side Effects and Warnings
- Side effects from savory are rare.
- Savory may lower blood sugar levels. Caution is advised in patients with diabetes or hypoglycemia and in those taking drugs, herbs, or supplements that affect blood sugar. Blood glucose levels may need to be monitored by a qualified healthcare professional, including a pharmacist. Medication adjustments may be necessary.
- Savory may increase the risk of bleeding. Caution is advised in patients with bleeding disorders or those taking drugs that may increase the risk of bleeding. Dosing adjustments may be necessary.
- Savory may cause low blood pressure. Caution is advised in patients with low blood pressure and in those taking drugs, herbs, or supplements that lower blood pressure.
- Drowsiness or sedation may occur. Use caution if driving or operating heavy machinery.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
- Savory is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women, due to a lack of available scientific evidence.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not strictly regulate herbs and supplements. There is no guarantee of strength, purity or safety of products, and effects may vary. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy. Consult a healthcare provider immediately if you experience side effects.
Interactions with Drugs
- Savory may lower blood sugar levels. Caution is advised when using medications that may also lower blood sugar. Patients taking insulin or drugs for diabetes by mouth should be monitored closely by a qualified healthcare professional, including a pharmacist. Medication adjustments may be necessary.
- Savory may increase the risk of bleeding when taken with drugs that increase the risk of bleeding. Some examples include aspirin, anticoagulants (blood thinners) such as warfarin (CoumadinÂ®) or heparin, antiplatelet drugs such as clopidogrel (PlavixÂ®), and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen (MotrinÂ®, AdvilÂ®) or naproxen (NaprosynÂ®, AleveÂ®).
- Savory may cause low blood pressure. Caution is advised in patients taking drugs that lower blood pressure.
- Savory may increase the amount of drowsiness caused by some drugs. Examples include benzodiazepines such as lorazepam (AtivanÂ®) or diazepam (ValiumÂ®), barbiturates such as phenobarbital, narcotics such as codeine, some antidepressants, and alcohol. Caution is advised while driving or operating machinery.
- Savory may also interact with antibiotics, anticancer drugs, antifungal agents, anti-inflammatory agents, antiparasitic agents, antiviral agents, cholesterol-lowering agents, cyclophosphamide, drugs that affect the nervous system, drugs that that may damage the liver, fertility agents, gastrointestinal agents, laxatives, muscle relaxants, painkillers, and prednisolone.
Interactions with Herbs and Dietary Supplements
- Savory may lower blood sugar levels. Caution is advised when using herbs or supplements that may also lower blood sugar. Blood glucose levels may require monitoring, and doses may need adjustment.
- Savory may increase the risk of bleeding when taken with herbs and supplements that are believed to increase the risk of bleeding. Multiple cases of bleeding have been reported with the use of Ginkgo biloba, and fewer cases with garlic and saw palmetto. Numerous other agents may theoretically increase the risk of bleeding, although this has not been proven in most cases.
- Savory may cause low blood pressure. Caution is advised in patients taking herbs or supplements that lower blood pressure.
- Savory may increase the amount of drowsiness caused by some herbs or supplements.
- Savory may also interact with antibacterials, anticancer herbs and supplements, antifungal agents, anti-inflammatory agents, antioxidants, antiparasitic agents, antiviral agents, cholesterol-lowering agents, fertility agents, gastrointestinal agents, herbs and supplements that affect the nervous system, herbs and supplements that may damage the liver, laxatives, muscle relaxants, painkillers, and probiotics.
Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.
- This information is based on a systematic review of scientific literature edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration ().
- Baser KH. Biological and pharmacological activities of carvacrol and carvacrol bearing essential oils. Curr Pharm Des 2008;14(29):3106-19.
- CarramiÃ±ana JJ, Rota C, Burillo J, et al. Antibacterial efficiency of Spanish Satureja montana essential oil against Listeria monocytogenes among natural flora in minced pork. J Food Prot 2008;71(3):502-8.
- Cetojevic-Simin DD, Bogdanovic GM, Cvetkovic DD, et al. Antiproliferative and antimicrobial activity of traditional Kombucha and Satureja montana L. Kombucha. J BUON 2008;13(3):395-401.
- Gursoy UK, Gursoy M, Gursoy OV, et al. Anti-biofilm properties of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil against periodontal pathogens. Anaerobe 2009;15(4):164-7.
- Lampronti I, Saab AM, Gambari R. Antiproliferative activity of essential oils derived from plants belonging to the Magnoliophyta division. Int J Oncol 2006;29(4):989-95.
- Local Food-Nutraceuticals Consortium.Understanding local Mediterranean diets: a multidisciplinary pharmacological and ethnobotanical approach. Pharmacol Res 2005;52(4):353-66.
- Oussalah M, Caillet S, Lacroix M. Mechanism of action of Spanish oregano, Chinese cinnamon, and savory essential oils against cell membranes and walls of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes. J Food Prot 2006;69(5):1046-55.
- Razzaghi-Abyaneh M, Shams-Ghahfarokhi M, Yoshinari T, et al. Inhibitory effects of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil on growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus. Int J Food Microbiol 2008;123(3):228-33.
- RedziÄ‡ SS. The ecological aspect of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Coll Antropol 2007;31(3):869-90.
- Rodov V, Vinokur Y, Gogia N, et al. Hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidant capacities of Georgian spices for meat and their possible health implications. Georgian Med News 2010;(179):61-6.
- SkocibusiÄ‡ M, BeziÄ‡ N. Phytochemical analysis and in vitro antimicrobial activity of two Satureja species essential oils. Phytother Res 2004;18(12):967-70.
- Tariku Y, Hymete A, Hailu A, et al. Essential-oil composition, antileishmanial, and toxicity study of Artemisia abyssinica and Satureja punctata ssp. punctata from Ethiopia. Chem Biodivers 2010;7(4):1009-18.
- Tzakou O, Skaltsa H. Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Satureja parnassica subsp parnassica. Planta Med 2003;69(3):282-4.
- Vosough-Ghanbari S, Rahimi R, Kharabaf S, et al. Effects of Satureja khuzestanica on Serum Glucose, Lipids and Markers of Oxidative Stress in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2008 Feb 27.
- Yazdanparast R, Shahriyary L. Comparative effects of Artemisia dracunculus, Satureja hortensis and Origanum majorana on inhibition of blood platelet adhesion, aggregation and secretion. Vascul Pharmacol 2008;48(1):32-7.
Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to . Selected references are listed below.