Related Terms

  • Aura photography, coronal discharge photography, fingertip aura, gas discharge visualization (GDV), Kirlian diagnostics, Kirlian electrophotography, Kirlian energy, Kirlian-graphic, spark electrography, Tesla coil Kirlian photography.

Background

  • Developed by a Russian couple and based on the theories of Rudolf Steiner, Kirlian photography is a diagnostic technique that makes use of a high-voltage, high-frequency electrical field. This electrical field interacts with an object (for example, a part of the human body) that is “photographed.” The photographic “plate” may be used to make a diagnosis.
  • Kirlian photography can produce a colored image, which is believed by some to reflect a person’s aura.
  • The safety of Kirlian photography has not been established. Kirlian is not a substitute for established methods of diagnosis. People with pacemakers and implanted cardiac defibrillators should use Kirlian photography with caution, as they may be affected by the electrical field.

Evidence Table

    Disclaimer

    These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

    D – D


    C – C

*Key to grades:

Tradition

    Disclaimer

    The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.

Safety

    Disclaimer

    Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.

Attribution

  • This information is based on a systematic review of scientific literature edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration ().

Bibliography

    Disclaimer

    Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to . Selected references are listed below.

  • Adamenko VM, Evangelopoulou T, Yfantopoulos J. Kirlian photography: a tool in the diagnosing of psychopathology. J Biol Photogr 1988;56(3):85-88.
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  • Anon. Kirlian photography: a tool in the diagnosing of psychopathology. J Biol Photogr 1989;57(3):66-67.
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  • Bundzen PV, Korotkov KG, Unestahl LE. Altered states of consciousness: review of experimental data obtained with a multiple techniques approach. J Altern Complement Med 2002;8(2):153-165.
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  • Cope FW. Magnetoelectric charge states of matter-energy. A second approximation. Part VII. Diffuse relativistic superconductive plasma. Measurable and non-measurable physical manifestations. Kirlian photography. Laser phenomena. Cosmic effects on chemical and biological systems. Physiol Chem Phys 1980;12(4):349-355.
    View Abstract
  • Duerden T. An aura of confusion: part 2. The aided eye: “imaging the aura?” Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 2004;10(2):116-123.
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  • Ebrahim H, Williams R. Kirlian photography: an appraisal. J Audiov Media Med 1982;5(3):84-91.
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  • Greyson ND. “Kirlian photography” film artifacts. Can Assoc Radiol J 1989;40(6):331.
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  • Hakimi R. Kirlian photography, holistic blood diagnosis, capillarity tests. Cancer diagnosis of a different kind. MMW Fortschr Med 2003;145(23):49-50.
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  • Quickenden TI, Tilbury RN. A critical examination of the bioplasma hypothesis. Physiol Chem Phys Med NMR 1986;18(2);89-101.
    View Abstract
  • Kirlian SD, Kirlian VK. Photography and visual observation by means of high frequency currents. J Sci Appl Photogr 1964;6:397-403.
  • Stanwick M. Aura photography: mundane physics or diagnostic tool? Nurs Times 1996; 92(25):39-41.
    View Abstract
  • Treugut H, Koppen M, Nickolay B, et al. [Kirlian photography: accidental or person-specific pattern?] (in German). Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 2000;7(1):12-16.
    View Abstract