Greater Flexibility

Related Terms

  • Active stretching, agonist muscle, antagonist muscle, ballistic stretching, delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), dynamic stretching, flexibility, isometric contractions, isometric stretching, isotonic contractions, muscle tone, myotatic reflex, passive stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), range of motion, sacroiliac instability, soft tissue, soft-tissue length, static stretching, static-active stretching, static-passive stretching, stretch reflex, stretching, stretch-shortening cycle.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

  1. American Chiropractic Association Rehab Council.
  2. Bandy WD, Irion JM, Briggler M. The Effect of Static Stretch and Dynamic Range of Motion Training on the Flexibility of the Hamstring Muscles. J. Orthop SportsPhys Ther. 1998; 27: 295-300. View Abstract
  3. Brigham & Women’s Hospital.
  4. Gleim GW, Stachenfeld NS, Nicholas JA. The influence of flexibility on the economy of walking and jogging. J Orthop Res. 1990 Nov;8(6):814-23. View Abstract
  5. Ingraham SJ. The role of flexibility in injury prevention and athletic performance: have we stretched the truth? Minn Med. 2003 May;86(5):58-61. View Abstract
  6. Moritani T. Motor unit and motor neuron excitability during explosive movement. Chapter 3 in Strength and power in sport, Komi P editor. Blackwell Scientific Publications. 1992. ISBN 0632030313.
  7. National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging.
  8. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine.
  9. O’Sullivan K, Murray E, Sainsbury D. The effect of warm-up, static stretching and dynamic stretching on hamstring flexibility in previously injured subjects. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2009 Apr 16;10:37. View Abstract
  10. The President’s Council on Fitness and Sports
  11. Witvrouw E, Mahieu N, Danneels L, et al. Stretching and injury prevention: an obscure relationship. Sports Med. 2004;34(7):443-9. View Abstract