Eye & Vision Health

Related Terms

  • AAFP, AAO, AAP, American Academy of Family Physicians, American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Academy of Pediatrics, American National Standards Institute, American Society of Ocular Trauma, American Society of Testing and Materials, ANSI, anterior chamber, ASOT, ASTM, blunt impact, cataract, Coalition to Prevention Sports Eye Injuries, conjunctiva, cornea, CPSEI, eye guards, eyeguards, face guards, face shields, faceguards, goggles, HECC, helmets, iris, lens, masks, National Eye Institute, National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment, National Safety Council, NEI, NOCSAE, NSC, optic neuritis, pupil.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

  1. American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). www.aafp.org
  2. American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). www.aap.org
  3. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. Protective eyewear for young athletes. Pediatrics. 2004 Mar;113(3 Pt 1):619-22. View Abstract
  4. Capao Filipe JA, Rocha-Sousa A, Falcao-Reis F, et al. Modern sports eye injuries. Br J Ophthalmol. 2003 Nov;87(11):1336-9. View Abstract
  5. Children’s Hospital Boston. www.childrenshospital.org
  6. Coalition to Prevent Sports Eye Injuries. www.sportseyeinjuries.com
  7. Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. American Academy of Pediatrics: Risk of injury from baseball and softball in children. Pediatrics. 2001 Apr;107(4):782-4. View Abstract
  8. Heimmel MR, Murphy MA. Ocular injuries in basketball and baseball: what are the risks and how can we prevent them? Curr Sports Med Rep. 2008 Sep-Oct;7(5):284-8. View Abstract
  9. National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment (NOCSAE). www.nocsae.org
  10. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. www.naturalstandard.com
  11. Rodriguez JO, Lavina AM, Agarwal A. Prevention and treatment of common eye injuries in sports. Am Fam Physician. 2003 Apr 1;67(7):1481-8. View Abstract
  12. United States National Library of Medicine. www.nlm.nih.gov