Recovery & Rehab

Related Terms

  • Cardiac rehabilitation, geriatric rehabilitation, invasive medical procedures, nasal surgery, pain, perioperative health, postoperative, postoperative atelectasis, pouchitis, preparation for surgery, rehabilitation, vestibular rehabilitation.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

  1. American College of Surgeons. . Accessed October 8, 2007.
  2. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). . Accessed October 8, 2007.
  3. Blom HC, Duesund R, Rotegard K, et al. Postoperative wound infections–systematic recording for seven years at a local hospital. Article in Norwegian. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007 Jun 14;127(12):1640-3. View Abstract
  4. Bruce J, Russell EM, Mollison J, et al. The measurement and monitoring of surgical adverse events. Health Technol Assess. 2001;5(22):1-194. View Abstract
  5. Cleveland Clinic Foundation. . Accessed October 8, 2007.
  6. Heng CK, Badner VM, Clemens DL, et al. The relationship of cigarette smoking to postoperative complications from dental extractions among female inmates. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007 Aug 29. View Abstract
  7. No authors listed. Toxic shock: a severe risk in surgery. Article in Italian. Minerva Dietol Gastroenterol. 1977 Jul-Sep;23(3):X-XI. View Abstract
  8. National Institutes of Health (NIH). . Accessed October 8, 2007.
  9. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. . Copyright © 2007. Accessed October 8, 2007.
  10. Theadom A, Cropley M. Effects of preoperative smoking cessation on the incidence and risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications in adult smokers: a systematic review. Tob Control. 2006 Oct;15(5):352-8. View Abstract