Smoking Cessation

Related Terms

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm, acid reflux, acute myeloid leukemia, allergies, alveoli, arrhythmia, arterial blood gases, asthma, atherosclerosis, bladder, breathing problems, bronchitis, bronchodilator, cancer, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, cataracts, cervix, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cigar, cigarette, CO, cold turkey, COPD, corticosteroids, cough, dyspnea, emphysema, enzyme, esophagus, fatigue, flu, Great American Smokeout, hypnotherapy, immunity, influenza, inhaler, lozenge, lung volume reduction surgery, LVRS, migraine headaches, mouth, nasal, spray, nicotine replacement therapy, nicotine, NRT, oximetry, patch, peak flow meter, periodontitis, pneumonia, psychotherapy, pursed, quit date, quitline, quit smoking, relapse, secondhand smoke, smoking, smoking cessation, spirometer, spirometry, sputum, stop smoking, support group, temporomandibular joint disease, throat, thrombosis, TMJ, tobacco, trigger avoidance, vaccine, wheezing, withdrawal.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

  1. American Academy of Family Physicians. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  2. American Heart Association. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  3. American Lung Association. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  4. Audrain-McGovern J, Halbert CH, Rodriguez D, et al. Predictors of participation in a smoking cessation program among young adult smokers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007 Mar;16(3):617-9. Epub 2007 Mar 2. View Abstract
  5. Barrueco M, Otero MJ, Palomo L, et al. Adverse effects of pharmacological therapy for nicotine addiction in smokers following a smoking cessation program. Nicotine Tob Res 2005;7(3):335-342. View Abstract
  6. Centers for Disease Control. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  7. Cofta-Woerpel L, Wright KL, Wetter DW. Smoking cessation 3: multicomponent interventions. Behav Med. 2007 Winter;32(4):135-49. View Abstract
  8. Ebbert JO, Sood A, Hays JT, et al. Treating tobacco dependence: review of the best and latest treatment options. J Thorac Oncol. 2007 Mar;2(3):249-56. View Abstract
  9. Holtrop JS, Wadland WC, Vansen S, et al. Recruiting health plan members receiving pharmacotherapy into smoking cessation counseling. Am J Manag Care 2005;11(8):501-507. View Abstract
  10. Hurley SF. Short-term impact of smoking cessation on myocardial infarction and stroke hospitalisations and costs in Australia. Med J Aust 2005;183(1):13-17. View Abstract
  11. Myers MG, Kelly JF. Cigarette smoking among adolescents with alcohol and other drug use problems. Alcohol Res Health. 2006;29(3):221-7. View Abstract
  12. National Cancer Institute. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  13. National Emphysema Foundation. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  14. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  15. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. . Copyright © 2009. Accessed April 29, 2009.
  16. Raherison C, Marjary A, Valpromy B, et al. Evaluation of smoking cessation success in adults. Respir Med 2005;99(10):1303-1310. View Abstract
  17. Silagy C, Lancaster T, Stead L, et al. Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(3):CD000146. View Abstract
  18. Smokefree Online Guide. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  19. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. . Accessed April 29, 2009.
  20. White AR, Moody RC, Campbell JL. Acupressure for smoking cessation–a pilot study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2007 Mar 14;7:8. View Abstract