Improve Circulation

Related Terms

  • ABI, aneurysm, angiography, ankle-brachial index, arteritis, atherosclerosis, balloon angioplasty, bruit, Buerger’s disease, bypass surgery, capillary fragility, cholesterol, chronic thromboangiitis, chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), chronic venous ulcers, circulatory disorders, claudication, CLI, critical limb ischemia, CVI, diabetes, ECG, edema, electrocardiogram, fluid retention, gangrene, heart attack, intermittent claudication, lower extremity edema, PAD, peripheral arterial disease, plaque, PVD, Salmonella, stent, stroke, syphilis, Takayasu disease, ultrasound, varicose leg ulcers, vascular damage, vascular fragility, vasculitis, venous disorders, venous leg ulcers, water retention, yellow nail syndrome.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

  1. American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). . Accessed March 15, 2009.
  2. American Heart Association (AHA). . Accessed March 15, 2009.
  3. Brass EP, Hiatt WR. Review of mortality and cardiovascular event rates in patients enrolled in clinical trials for claudication therapies. Vasc Med. 2006 Nov;11(3):141-5. View Abstract
  4. Brass EP, Jiao J, Hiatt W. Optimal assessment of baseline treadmill walking performance in claudication clinical trials. Vasc Med. 2007 May;12(2):97-103. View Abstract
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). . Accessed March 15, 2009.
  6. Hankey GJ, Norman PE, Eikelboom JW. Medical treatment of peripheral arterial disease. JAMA. 2006 Feb 1;295(5):547-53. View Abstract
  7. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) . Accessed March 15, 2009.
  8. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. . Copyright © 2009. Accessed March 15, 2009.
  9. Robless P, Mikhailidis DP, Stansby GP. Cilostazol for peripheral arterial disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Jan 24;(1):CD003748. View Abstract
  10. Santilli SM. The Coronary Artery Revascularization Prophylaxis (CARP) Trial: results and remaining controversies. Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther. 2006 Dec;18(4):282-5. View Abstract