Related Terms

  • Adolescent obesity, bariatric surgery, BMI, body mass index, body weight, childhood obesity, diet, endocrine disease, exercise, gastric bypass, liposuction, metabolism, morbid obesity, morbidly obese, obesity in the elderly, overeating, super obesity.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

  1. American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Accessed September 4, 2007.
  2. Assimakopoulos K, Panayiotopoulos S, Iconomou G, et al. Assessing sexual function in obese women preparing for bariatric surgery. Obes Surg. 2006 Aug;16(8):1087-91. View Abstract
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). . Accessed September 4, 2007.
  4. Gordon-Larsen P. Obesity-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in obese and non-obese urban Philadelphia female adolescents. Obes Res. 2001 Feb;9(2):112-8. View Abstract
  5. Kolotkin RL, Binks M, Crosby RD, et al. Obesity and sexual quality of life. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Mar;14(3):472-9. View Abstract
  6. Kolotkin RL, Head S, Hamilton M, et al. Assessing Impact of Weight on Quality of Life. Obes Res. 1995 Jan;3(1):49-56. View Abstract
  7. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. . Accessed September 4, 2007.
  8. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. . Copyright © 2007. Accessed September 4, 2007.
  9. Nguyen-Michel ST, Unger JB, Spruijt-Metz D. Dietary correlates of emotional eating in adolescence. Appetite. 2007 Mar 19; [Epub ahead of print.]View Abstract
  10. No authors listed. A critique of low-carbohydrate ketogenic weight reduction regimens. A review of Dr. Atkins’ diet revolution. JAMA 6-4-1973;224(10):1415-1419. View Abstract
  11. Oliver G, Wardle J, Gibson EL. Stress and food choice: a laboratory study. Psychosom Med. 2000 Nov-Dec;62(6):853-65. View Abstract
  12. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). . Accessed September 4, 2007.
  13. Viner RM, Haines MM, Taylor SJ, et al. Body mass, weight control behaviours, weight perception and emotional well being in a multiethnic sample of early adolescents. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Oct;30(10):1514-21. Epub 2006 May 23. View Abstract
  14. Wilson LF. Adolescents’ attitudes about obesity and what they want in obesity prevention programs. J Sch Nurs. 2007 Aug;23(4):229-38. View Abstract