Gastrointestinal Disorders

Related Terms

  • Abdominal pain, abdominal wall inflammation, achalasia, acid reflux, anal fistula, appendicitis, bleeding stomach ulcers, bloating, Chinese restaurant syndrome, colic, colonic spasm, colonoscopy, digestive enzyme, digestive enzyme insufficiency, digestive tonic, digestion, difficulty swallowing, diverticular disease, diverticulosis, duodenal ulcer, dyspepsia, dysphagia, esophageal spasm, fat excretion in stool, fatty liver, fistula, flatulence, gas, gastric spasm, gastric ulcer, gastritis, gastroenteritis, gastroesophageal, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastrointestinal, gastrointestinal concerns, gastrointestinal conditions, gastrointestinal disorders, gastrointestinal tract, H. pylori, H. pylori gastric infection, H. pylori infection, heartburn, Helicobacter pylori bacteria, hiccough, hiccup, hypochlorhydria, ileus, indigestion, infantile colic, intestinal disorders, intestinal malabsorption, low stomach acid, Menkes’ kinky-hair disease, necrotizing enterocolitis, non-tropical sprue, non-ulcer dyspepsia, pancreatic enzyme insufficiency, peritonitis, poor appetite, poor digestion, post-operative ileus, proctitis, pyloric stenosis, rectal inflammation, rectal prolapsed, reflux, regional enteritis, spleen disorders, splenomegaly, sprue, steatorrhea, stomach inflammation, stomachache, stomach upset, swallowing, upset stomach, zinc malabsorption.

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This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

  1. American Chronic Pain Foundation. .
  2. American Gastroenterological Association. .
  3. Becker JM. Surgical therapy for ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1999 Jun;28(2):371-90, viii-ix. . View Abstract
  4. Farivar, A, and Farivar, M. Clinical, Endoscopic and Pathologic Manifestations of Bile Reflux Esophagitis. Caritas Norwood Hospital and Boston University School of Medicine, Norwood, MA. .
  5. International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. .
  6. Marmouz F. Adult coeliac disease. Allerg Immunol (Paris). 2007 Jan;39(1):23-5. . View Abstract
  7. Marshall RE, Anggiansah A, Owen WA, et al. The relationship between acid and bile reflux and symptoms in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Gut. 1997 Feb;40(2):182-7. View Abstract
  8. National Digestive Diseases Information clearinghouse (NDDIC). .
  9. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. . Copyright © 2010.
  10. No authors listed. NIH Consensus Development Conference on Celiac Disease. NIH Consens State Sci Statements. 2004 Jun 28-30;21(1):1-23. . View Abstract
  11. Seksik P, Daniel F, Marteau P, et al. [Refractory proctitis.] [Article in French.] Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 2007 Apr;31(4):393-7. . View Abstract