Urinary Tract Disorders

Related Terms

  • Bladder disorders, bladder infection, bladder irrigation, epidiymitis, frequency-urgency-dysuria syndrome, neurogenic bladder, orchitis, painful bladder syndrome, pelvic inflammatory disease, PID, underactive bladder, urethral inflammation, urethritis, urine acidification, urinary retention, urinary tract defects, urinary tract infection, UTI.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

  1. Bogart LM, Berry SH, Clemens JQ. Symptoms of interstitial cystitis, painful bladder syndrome and similar diseases in women: a systematic review. J Urol. 2007 Feb;177(2):450-6. . View Abstract
  2. Chancellor MB, Yoshimura N. Treatment of interstitial cystitis. Urology. 2004 Mar;63(3 Suppl 1):85-92. . View Abstract
  3. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC). .
  4. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. .
  5. Phatak S, Foster HE. The management of interstitial cystitis: an update. Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2006 Jan;3(1):45-53. . View Abstract
  6. Rosenberg M, Parsons CL, Page S. Interstitial cystitis: a primary care perspective. Cleve Clin J Med. 2005 Aug;72(8):698-704. . View Abstract
  7. Steele AC, McLennan MT. The painful bladder: urinary tract infection and interstitial cystitis in women. Mo Med. 2007 Mar-Apr;104(2):160-5. .View Abstract