Fibromyalgia

Related Terms

  • American College of Rheumatology, analgesics, ankylosing spondylitis, antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs, arthritis, benzodiazepines, central nervous system, chronic muscle pain syndrome, Cymbalta®, depression, duloxetine, fatigue, fibromyositis, fibrositis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, headaches, IBS, irritable bowel syndrome, ligaments, lupus, Lyrica®, milnacipran, muscle relaxants, muscles, musculoskeletal pain, myalgia, myofascial pain, osteoarthritis, pain relievers, PMS, post-traumatic stress disorder, pregabalin, premenstrual syndrome, psychogenic rheumatism, PTSD, restless legs syndrome, rheumatic condition, rheumatoid arthritis, Savella®, sleep apnea, sleep disorders, sleep disturbances, spinal arthritis, temporomandibular joint disorder, tendons, tension myalgias, TMJ.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.

References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

  1. Amir M, Kaplan Z, Neumann L, et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder, tenderness and fibromyalgia. J Psychosom Res. 1997 Jun;42(6):607-13. View Abstract
  2. Arnold LM. Advances in the management of fibromyalgia. CNS Spectr. 2009 Oct;14(10 Suppl 8):12-6; discussion 17-8. View Abstract
  3. Arnold LM. Strategies for managing fibromyalgia. Am J Med. 2009 Dec;122(12 Suppl):S31-43. View Abstract
  4. Bradley LA. Pathophysiology of fibromyalgia. Am J Med. 2009 Dec;122(12 Suppl):S22-30. View Abstract
  5. Buskila D. Developments in the scientific and clinical understanding of fibromyalgia. Arthritis Res Ther. 2009;11(5):242. View Abstract
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). .
  7. Chong YY, Ng BY. Clinical aspects and management of fibromyalgia syndrome. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2009 Nov;38(11):967-73. View Abstract
  8. Clauw DJ. Fibromyalgia: an overview. Am J Med. 2009 Dec;122(12 Suppl):S3-S13. View Abstract
  9. Mease PJ, Choy EH. Pharmacotherapy of fibromyalgia. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2009 May;35(2):359-72. View Abstract
  10. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS). .
  11. National Institutes of Health (NIH). .
  12. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. .
  13. Williams DA, Schilling S. Advances in the assessment of fibromyalgia. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2009 May;35(2):339-57.View Abstract