Related Terms

  • Alcohol addiction, alcohol detox, bupe, Buprenophex®, buprenorphine, chelation therapy, cleansing, colonic irrigation, detox, detox diet, detox facility, detox therapy, drug addiction, drug detox, EDTA therapy, exercise, fasting, hydrotherapy, liver, medical detox, medical drug detox, non-medical detox, non-medical drug detox, probiotics, sauna.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

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  2. Callaghan RC, Taylor L, Tavares J. Addressing the needs of injection drug users in detoxification treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006 Mar;30(2):165-6. View Abstract
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  4. Contreras JA. Detoxification and treating opioid dependence. JAMA. 2006 Feb 22;295(8):886-7; author reply 887-8. View Abstract
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  8. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. . Copyright © 2009. Last accessed May 17, 2009.
  9. Naidu AS, Bidlack WR. Clemens RA. Probiotic spectra of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 1999;39(1):13-126. View Abstract
  10. Noble A, Best D, Man LH, et al. Self-detoxification attempts among methadone maintenance patients: what methods and what success? Addict Behav. 2002 Jul-Aug;27(4):575-84. View Abstract
  11. O’Connor PG. Methods of detoxification and their role in treating patients with opioid dependence. JAMA. 2005 Aug 24;294(8):961-3. View Abstract
  12. Stiefelhagen, P. Functional disorders call for total therapy — Kneipp’s hydrotherapy instead of psychopharmaceuticals. MMW Fortschr Med 5-5-2005;147(18):4-8. View Abstract