Related Terms

  • Adverse reaction, Barium, bloating, bowel, carboxymethylcellulose, Chagas disease, colonic inertia, colon, colonoscope, colonoscopy, constipated, constipation, defecation, defecography, dehydration, diabetes, diarrhea, digestion, digestive, enema, encopresis, fecal impaction, fiber, fissures, gastrointestinal, glycerin, hemorrhoid, Hirschsprung’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), laxative, lazy bowel syndrome, methylcellulose, movement, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, pelvic floor dysfunction, polycarbophil, rectum, saline, scleroderma, side effect, sigmoidoscope, sigmoidoscopy, stool, stricture, suppository.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

  1. American Gastroenterological Association. . Accessed March 13, 2009.
  2. International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. . Accessed March 13, 2009.
  3. National Institutes of Health. . Accessed March 13, 2009.
  4. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. . Copyright © 2009. Accessed March 13, 2009.