Congestive Heart Failure

Related Terms

  • Amyloidosis, anemia, angioplasty, aortic valve, aquapheresis, arrhythmias, arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, BNP, B-type natriuretic peptide, CABG, CAD, calcium, cardiac catheterization, cardiomyopathy, cholesterol, coronary artery bypass graft, coronary artery disease, C-reactive protein, CRP, ECG, echocardiogram, edema, EKG, electrocardiogram, electrolyte, emphysema, fatigue, heart attack, heart failure, hemochromatosis, homocysteine, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, IABP, ICD, idiopathic, implantable cardiac defibrillator, intra-aortic balloon pump, Keshan disease, left atrium, left ventricle, left ventricular assist device, left ventricular hypertrophy, LVAD, murmer, myocardial infarction, myocarditis, nuclear stress test, pacemaker, pneumonia, post-pericardiotomy syndrome, potassium, pulmonary edema, pulmonary valve, radionuclide ventriculography, right atrium, right ventricle, sleep apnea, sodium, stethoscope, tress test, tricuspid valve, valve, x-ray.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.


Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to Selected references are listed below.

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  4. Dauchet L, Amouyel P, Hercberg S, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of cohort studies. J Nutr. 2006;136(10):2588-93. . View Abstract
  5. Jiang W, Kuchibhatla M, Clary GL, et al. Relationship between depressive symptoms and long-term mortality in patients with heart failure. Am Heart J. 2007;154(1):102-8. . View Abstract
  6. National Institutes of Health. . Accessed March 11, 2009.
  7. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. Copyright © 2009. . Accessed March 11, 2009.
  8. Riegel B, Moser DK, Powell M, et al. Nonpharmacologic care by heart failure experts. J Card Fail. 2006;12(2):149-153. . View Abstract
  9. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. . Accessed March 11, 2009.
  10. von Haehling S, Doehner W, Anker SD. Nutrition, metabolism, and the complex pathophysiology of cachexia in chronic heart failure. Cardiovasc Res. 2007;73(2):298-309. . View Abstract