Acne

Related Terms

  • Acne mechanica, acne vulgaris, blackhead, chloracne, Clostridium difficile, clindamycin, comedones, cyst, epidermoid cyst, erythromycin, nodule, papules, pseudomembranous colitis, pimples, Propionibacterium acnes, pustule, scar, steroid, tetracycline, whiteheads, zits.

Author Information

This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.

References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

  1. American Academy of Dermatology. . Accessed February 24, 2009.
  2. American Dermatological Association. . Accessed February 24, 2009.
  3. Adebamowo CA, Spiegelman D, Berkey CS, et al., Milk consumption and acne in adolescent girls. Dermatol Online J. 2006;12(4):1. View Abstract
  4. Amann W. [Improvement of acne vulgaris following therapy with agnus castus (Agnolyt)]. Ther Ggw. 1967 Jan;106(1):124-6. View Abstract
  5. Arbesman H. Dairy and acne-the iodine connection. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005;53(6):1102. View Abstract
  6. Arican O, Kurutas EB, Sasmaz S. Oxidative stress in patients with acne vulgaris. Mediators Inflamm. 2005;2005(6):380-4. View Abstract
  7. Bassett IB, Pannowitz DL, Barnetson RS. A comparative study of tea-tree oil versus benzoylperoxide in the treatment of acne. Med J Aust. 1990;153(8):455-8. View Abstract
  8. Chen D, Jiang N, Cong X. 47 cases of acne treated by prick-bloodletting plus cupping. J Tradit Chin Med. 1993;13(3):185-6. View Abstract
  9. Chiu A, Chon SY, Kimball AB. The response of skin disease to stress: changes in the severity of acne vulgaris as affected by examination stress. Arch Dermatol. 2003;139(7):897-900. View Abstract
  10. Doron S, Gorbach SL. Probiotics: their role in the treatment and prevention of disease. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2006; 4(2):261-75. View Abstract
  11. Ernst E, Huntley A. Tea tree oil: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2000;7(1):17-20. View Abstract
  12. Logan AC. Omega-3 fatty acids and acne. Arch Dermatol. 2003;139(7):941-2; author reply 942-3.View Abstract
  13. Magin PJ, Adams J, Pond CD, Smith W. Topical and oral CAM in acne: a review of the empirical evidence and a consideration of its context. Complement Ther Med. 2006;14(1):62-76. View Abstract
  14. Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. Copyright © 2009. . Accessed February 24, 2009.
  15. Niren NM. Pharmacologic doses of nicotinamide in the treatment of inflammatory skin conditions: a review. Cutis. 2006;77 (1 Suppl):11-6. View Abstract
  16. Simopoulos AP. Evolutionary aspects of diet, the omega-6/omega-3 ratio and genetic variation: nutritional implications for chronic diseases. Biomed Pharmacother. 2006;60(9):502-7. View Abstract
  17. Thappa DM, Dogra J. Nodulocystic acne: oral gugulipid versus tetracycline. J Dermatol. 1994;21(10):729-31. View Abstract